About Kakinada
Images of Kakinada
Kakinada is a city and a municipal corporation in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is also the headquarters of East Godavari district. The city has a population of about 800,000(504,920) as per 2001 census. This coastal city is witnessing rapid growth thanks to the recently granted Special Economic Zone status. It is one of the largest tier-2 cities of India. The city also has a deep-water port which is expanding rapidly.

History

An old and very small native settlement by name "Kakavandivada" was said to exist before the foreigners had set their foot somewhere around the place where the present Kakinada city had developed. The present name 'Kakinada', it is said, is derived from 'Cocanada' the name given to their new settlement by a few merchants of Dutch origin. The Dutch connection with the city is evident from the peculiar Dutch Character of the architecture and design of some of the old buildings here. Till then and for some years later, 'Korangi' the present small sea side village about 15 Kms. south of the present Kakinada town was a place of greater importance than 'Cocanada' from the view point of overseas trade and otherwise. Around the year 1905 the Cocanada Port facility was started to be made use of for export of some natural commodities. Mainly because of the transquil anchorage available in the shelter of the Godavari Sand Spit (also known as Hope Island) which is a nature's gift to this Port-the town had also grown consistently (from the sixe of small foreigners settlement) keeping even pace with the growth of merchantile activity at the Port.

The manificience and far-sightedness of Sri Suryarao Bahadur, the illustrous Raja of Pithapuram was perhaps the most important factor that contributed to the later growth of the city. Most of the Institutions, Organisations and Associations which covered the fields of education, culture and social reform were started either with his personal initiative or with the help of his liberal donations and grants. Each of the Institutions and Organisations were to become, in the later years, the nucleie around which the development and growth of the Town tookplace. Greatmen of letters and men with intense zeal for social and political reform, even from outside the Andhra area, got attracted towards these Institutions.

The Cosmopolitan atmosphere that is built-up here, as a consequence, gave a rare and unique opportunity to atleast two generation of students and youth of this city and around to get exposed to new winds of liberal thought which were then blowing over the country. Sri Raghupati Venkataratnam Naidu, Maharshi Sambamurty, Sri Devulapalli Krishna Shastry, Smt. Durgabai Deshmukh, Sri. Gora and Sri Uppala Laxmana Rao were a few among the luminaries whose association with the city we can ever be proud of. All this made Kakinada one of the centres of Andhra cultural and intellectual rennaissance. The Brahma Samaj and the Theosophical movements naturally found Kakinada to be a highly fertile ground for their consolidation and spread. The city also had a tradition of high political consciousness right from the days of the freedom movement. The Late Maharshi Bulusu Sambamurty, Sri Mallipudi Pallam Raju, Sri Mosalakanti Tirumala Rao, Dr. Vedantam Krishnayya and his wife Kamala Devi, Sri Rangayya naidu and Sri Prativadi Bhayankarachari (of the Kakinada Bomb case fame) were some of the many who had inspired and led the movements here. The meeting of the Indian National Congress was held here in the year 1923 under the presidentship of the famous Mohammed Ali. The meetings were attended by Kasturba Gandhi, Vallabhai Patel, Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru, Rajagopalachari and other national leaders. Also, as part of the student and youth antiimperialist movement led by the Student Federation of India, the city had the fortune of hosting the Netaji Subhashchandra Bose in the year 1939. From the Trade Union view-point also, Kakinada was perhaps the first city in the area where municipal scavanging workers and the stevedore workers at the Port were organised for their collective struggles.

With this tradition for the city, Kakinada had developed as a cultural, educational and political centre. Pithapuram Raja's Government College is now more than 100 years old. The men's Polytechnic and the Women's Polytechnic, when they were established here, were the first such Institutions in the Telugu Speaking area. At the commencement of the II World War, the Engineering College at Visakhapatnam had to be shifted to this place on a temperory basis and the college had to be regularised here after the end of the war when the public had agitated against it shift back to Visakhapatnam. In the year 1959, under the sage leadership of Dr. Col.Raju - ably assisted by Dr.M.V.Krishna Rao and Dr.P.V.N.Raju - Medical Education Society, Kakinada, was formed and the Society had (with the liberal donation received from the Rangaraya Trust, Tanuku) started Rangaraya Medical College, Kakinada. Subsequently the college was takeover by the Government. Malladi Satyalingam Naicker's Charities had established a group of educational institutions right rom the elementary school to a degree college and also a Vedic Pathasala to make the campus almost resemble a mini-university now. The Town Hall which was registered in the beginning of the Century; K.R.V.K.Library which was started in the year 1916 with the liberal donation of about 16,000 books from Sri K.R.V.Krishna Rao, Xamindar of Polavaram and the East Godavari Association the parent body for the Town Hall and the K.R.V.K.Library - have been centres for cultural activity here. The Youngmen's Happy Club - another cultural association here gave its ranks some of the past and present top ranking artistes to the Telugu stage and filmdom. Srirama Samajam (founded in 1894 by the late Sri Munuganti Sriramulu), Sangeeta Vidwat Sabha and Saraswati Gana Sabha - are three local registered organisations serving the cause of classical music over the long years to the pleasure of the connoissseur. The Cocanada Chamber of Commerce exclusively representing the shipping and foreign trade interests and the Godavari Chamber of Commerce representing the general trade are the two local Trade Associations having a record of over 100 years of useful service to the trading and commercial circles.

Against this predominently cultural and educational back-ground, a conscious and sincere effort was made by two individuals Sri Nakka Suryanarayana Murthy and Sri V. Sathi Raju to put the city on the Industrial Map of the country. They have together started Sri Ramadas Motor Transport Company - now a gainst in the automobile industry manufacturing a wide range of auto parts of high quality. S.R.M.T. has also encouraged establishment and development of some ancillary units to itself. Sarvaraya Textiles (manufacturing cotton-yarn) is another industry that has put the city on the Industrial Map of the Nation. But, inspite of all this, industrial activity in the city had been tardy for a few decades mainly because of the lack of atleast one major industry in or around the city.

Establishment of Godavari Fertilisers and Chemicals Limited (manufacturing phosphatic fertilizer) and Nagarjuna Fertilisers and Chemicals Limited (manufacturing nitrogeneous fertilisers) at the above position and with the setting-up of the above fertiliser units, Kakinada is now aptly being called the "Fertiliser City".

Kakinada Port which has been functioning as an Anchorage Port till now, is presently being developed as a Deep Water Berthing Port with the 250 crores financial assistance from the Asia Development Bank. Kakinada deep Water Port is expected to be commissioned with three shore-connected berths shortly.

The New Port facility that is comming up along with the availiability of petroleum and natural gas from the nearby offshore and on-shore locations for the Krishna-Godavari Basin, are presently opening up immense possibilities for establishment of port-based and gas-based heavy industries around Kakinada city. Any person endowed with a rational perspective vision into the conglomorate (covering atleast the four Municipal towns & cities of Kakinada. Pithapuram, Samalkot and Peddapuram) in the vast area surrounding Kakinada city.

It is very rare that any area gets such sudden and sure opportunity for development of Industry around as Kakinada city and its surrounding areas have fortunately got at the moment.

The Government, the municipal authorities, political parties and enlightened citizenry of city have to react positively and in time to provide a good push to this process of inudustrial development around the city of-course, taking simultaneously all the necessary precautions to avoid the un-desirable effects of un-planned sudden industrial growth over the socio-economic life of the city and its surrounding areas.